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Sunday, October 2, 2011

BRAZIL AS MUSICAL INFLUENCE IN THE WORLD


You know who is the country in the world is in second place in popular music since the first is undoubtedly the America? The second place is Brazil. Sometimes we do not realize it. Consider this. How many pop songs you know who are not American? Surely you must know some Italian, maybe a 6. Must know some French. VOLLARE comes to mind. He surely must know much English, because there is the land of the Beatles, and should know some more Spanish, Latin, Brazilian, but you know how many? At least I know more than half of that comes to mind.

We Brazilians do not realize that our culture influences the world. No wonder we are highly recognized and appreciated worldwide. I speak of the Brazilians.

As I realized this phenomenon? I am a Merchant Navy Officer, and when traveling at the time the shipping company Netuma that no longer exists, realized by tuning the radio in the countries he visited, such as Canada and the United States, Europe, Japan and others, occasionally play a song Brazilian popular. Comes to mind for example the song Waters of March This was not a casual phenomenon, but very often, and I thought, "pucha life. I've been abroad and here I sit down to listen to Brazilian music."
Stevie Wonder in Rock in Rio sing "GIRL FROM IPANEMA"Look  the video.


By placing the tape thought that would show a novelty for the woman. Something she was not used, but what was my surprise when she informed me that I already knew all those songs, and that it played on the radio all the time. There was nothing new for her. It was then that I realized a phenomenon I had also noticed but until then the "TYPE" had not fallen.

It is that Brazil is a great disseminator of the music world as the United States is a great disseminator of the music world as well also in Brazil.

Certainly many will disagree based on the statistics. But if you go into a bar at night with live music, there will be Brazilian Songs. If you go to a bar those who have those machines where you put a coin and play music, you find there for sure Feellings, a music Moris Albert. Brazilian.

The best known Brazilian rhythm in the world, sung in several popular bars that play live music nights in the world is the Bossa Nova .

Bossa Nova is a musical subgenre derived from samba , with strong influence of jazz U.S. , emerged in the late 1950s in Rio de Janeiro . Initially, the term was only for a new way of singing and playing samba at that time, ie, an aesthetic overhaul within the modern urban samba. Over the years, the Bossa Nova was going to become one of the most influential movements in the history of Brazilian popular music , known throughout the world, and especially associated with Joao Gilberto , Vinicius de Moraes , Antonio Carlos Jobim , Baden Powell and Luiz Bonfa .



The bossa word first appeared in the 1930's in Our Things, the popular samba singer Noel Rosa : The samba, the readiness / other bumps and, / are our things (...). The term bossa nova started to be used also in the next decade for those sambas brake , based on the talent to improvise sudden stops during the song to fit lines.


Some music critics highlight the major influence that culture American Post-War, musicians like Stan Kenton , combined with Impressionism scholar ofDebussy and Ravel , bossa nova had, especially the cool jazz and bebop . Although the influence of foreign music, has elements of syncopated samba .[1] In addition, there was a fundamental dissatisfaction with the format of musical time. The singer Dick Farney and Lucio Alves , who have years of success in the 1950s with a soft and minimalist way (as opposed to singers of high sound power) are also considered positive influences on the boys who made ​​the bossa nova.


An embryo of the movement, as in the 1950s , the meetings were casual, fruits of meetings of a group of middle-class musicians from Rio de Janeiroapartments in the south, like Nara Leão , on Avenida Atlantica in Copacabana . In these meetings, more frequent, from 1957 , a group met to make and hear music. Among the participants were new composers of Brazilian music, like Billy Blanco , Carlos Lyra , Roberto Menescal and Sergio Ricardo , among others. The group grew, embracing also Chico Feitosa , Joao Gilberto , Luiz Carlos Vinhas , Boscoli Ronaldo , among others.

Antonio Carlos Jobin Jobin TOM.
The bartender Veloso, in Ipanema, arrives breathlessly to the table and warns, is a foreigner in the phone. A few days later, Tom Jobim in the United States is far from the beer with friends and the beaches of Rio de Janeiro, recording with what is considered the greatest singer in the world, the undisputed fan of Brazilian talent: Frank Sinatra.

When Sinatra, already in the studio, enthusiastically praised the beautiful and subtle melody of "Dindi" , in the year 1967, was a revered teacher. Tom Jobim was one of the greatest creators of songs that Brazil has ever had and for that reason Sinatra invited him to record together.

The quality of the composer of "Desafinado" (with Newton Mendonça) was immediately recognized in the United States, since the rise of bossa nova in 1958.

First Brazilian musical movement of the graduate faculty, as the first concerts were held in the university, little by little we become the bossa nova was taking the bar circuit Copacabana, called the Lane.


In late 1957 , one of these presentations, the Brazilian-Jewish School, there would have been the idea of calling the new genre - then just called samba sessions, referring to the fusion of samba and jazz - through a note written in a frame black, probably written by a secretary of the college, calling people to a presentation of a samba-class sessions for "bossa nova". At the event participated Carlos Lyra , Ronaldo Boscoli , Sylvia Telles , Roberto Menescaland Luiz Eça , where they were advertised as "(...) samba group featuring modern bossa nova. " [2]


Tom Jobim and Elis Regina enjoyed great success with the song "Waters of March" which today is known worldwide.


Official start of the Bossa Nova

 

Vinicius de Moraes, principal lyricist of Bossa Nova songs from "Chega de Saudade" Tom Jobim composition made ​​in 1958 and established the style.


Movement that was associated with the Brazilian urban growth - driven by the developmental stage of the presidency of Juscelino Kubitschek ( 1955th -the 1,960th ) - bossa nova began for many critics when it was released in August 1958 , a compact simple guitarist Bahia John Gilberto (considered the pope of the movement), containing the songs Chega de Saudade ( Tom Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes ) and Bim Bom (of the singer).

Months earlier, John participated in the Song of Love Too, an album released in May of that year and dedicated solely to the songs of the early double Tom / Vinicius, played by singer Rio Various Artists . According to the writer Ruy Castro (in his book Enough saudade, 1990 ), this LP was not an immediate success when it launched, but the disc can be considered a landmark of bossa nova, not only for bringing some of the more classical compositions of the genre - including, Luciana, White Road, Again and Chega de Saudade-but also hit by the famous guitar of Joao Gilberto , with its dissonant chords and inspired by the jazz American - that this would influence arguments to critics of bossa nova.

Other features of the movement that their lyrics were, in contrast to the successes so far, addressed issues and uncompromising light - example of this,Meditation , from Tom Jobim and Newton Mendonça . The way of singing also differed from that was then. According to the maestro Júlio Medaglia , "would develop the practice of singing, talking or singing softly, the text well pronounced, the tone conversational narrative musical accompaniment and singing integrating each other, instead of valuing ' great voice '. " [3]

In 1959 , the first LP was released by João Gilberto, Chega de saudade, containing the title track - with about 100 song remakes made ​​by Brazilian and foreign artists. From there, bossa nova was a reality. In addition to John, part of the classical repertoire of the movement should be partnerships of Tom Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes. The evidence suggests, as many claim, that the spirit of bossa novista was already in the music that Jobim and Moraes made ​​in 1956 for the play Orfeu da Conceição , the first partnership between the pair, who came close to not happen, since Vinicius first contacted Vadico, the famous partner Noel Rosa and former member of the Bando da Lua , to the soundtrack. It is this piece based on Greek tragedy Orpheus , one of the beautiful compositions by Jobim and Vinicius, "If everyone were like you," as foreshadowing the melodic elements of Bossa Nova.

Besides Chega de saudade, the two composed Girl from Ipanema , another representative of the bossa nova song, which became the best known Brazilian song in the world, after Aquarela do Brazil ( Ary Barroso ), with more than 169 recordings, among which of Sarah Vaughan , Stan Getz , Frank Sinatra (with Tom Jobim), Ella Fitzgerald and others. It is also Tom Jobim, along with Newton Mendonça , songs and Desafinado One Note Samba, the first two classics of the new Brazilian music to be written to the U.S. market from 1960 .

Changes

In the mid-1960s, the movement would present a kind of ideological division, formed by Marcos Valle , Dori Caymmi , Edu Lobo and Francis Hime and encouraged by the Center for Popular Culture of UNE . Inspired by a popular and nationalist, this group made ​​a critique of the influences of American jazz and bossa nova composers proposed his rapprochement with the hill, as the singer Zé Ketti . One of the pillars of bossa, Carlos Lyra , joined in this chain, and Nara Leão , who promoted partnerships with artists of samba as Cartola and Nelson Cavaquinho and baião and northeastern xote as John Valley . At this stage readings of bossa nova, was released in 1966 the LP anthology " The Afro-sambas "by Vinicius de Moraes and Baden Powell .

Among the artists who stood out in this second generation ( 1962 - one thousand nine hundred and sixty-six ) bossa nova are Paulo Sergio Valle , Edu Lobo , Ruy Guerra , Pingarilho , Mark Vasconcellos , Dori Caymmi , Nelson Motta , Francis Hime , Simonal , among others ...

End of movement, the MPB bossa

One of the greatest exponents of bossa nova compose one of the landmarks of the end of the movement. In 1965 , he composed Vinicius de Moraes, Edu Lobo, trawler. The song would be defended by Elis Regina at the First Festival of Brazilian Popular Music (the former TV Excelsior ), held in Guaruja that same year. It was the end of the bossa nova and the start of what would label MPB , which would cover several pervasive gender trends in Brazilian music until the early 1980's - came a time when pop rock national renewal.

MPB artists born with beginners, the second generation of bossa nova, as Geraldo Vandre , Edu Lobo and Chico Buarque de Holanda , who appeared frequently in popular music festivals. Successful as artists, they had little or nothing of bossa nova. Winners of the II Festival of Brazilian Popular Music, held in Sao Paulo in 1966 , triggered by Geraldo, and The Band, Chico, can be considered a milestone of this disruption and mutation of bossa in MPB.

Legacy

Today, numerous concerts dedicated to the bossa nova are performed, including between 2000 and 2001 , entitled the 40 years of Bossa Nova, Roberto Menescal & Wanda Sa.

The chronological order of bossa did not mean the extinction of the aesthetic style. The movement was a great reference for later generations of artists, from jazz (from the overwhelming success of the instrumental version of the double Desafinado Stan Getz and Charlie Byrd ) to a current post-punk British(artists like Style Council , Matt Bianco and Everything But The Girl ).

In the Brazilian rock , there to highlight both the composition of rewriting Lobao , call me at Bossa novista musician Joao Gilberto , in 1986, besides the famous singer Cazuza music composed by him and other musicians, is part of my show, recorded in 1988, with arrangements strongly inspired by the bossa nova.

His legacy is valuable, leaving several jewels of national music, among which Chega de Saudade , Girl from Ipanema , Desafinado , The boat, I Know That I Love You, If everyone were like you, Waters of March, Again, Thing most beautiful, Corcovado, Folly, Jane Doe, one-note samba , The Duck, Lobo Bobo, did a Samba Saudade.


That music made ​​popular in Brazil is characterized by its wealth is repetitive, but it is essential to define it.



His story begins with the Indians and the music made ​​by the Jesuits who landed. This meeting between the music and the music of the Jesuits is the indigenous pre-history of popular music of Brazil. The evolution of primitive rhythms, such as cateretê or chant, is still played in festivals.


The popular music of Brazil would only become stronger in the late 17th century, with the Lundu, swaying to African dance and tap dance, and popular song, song of Portuguese origin and sentimental love of nature. These two standards, European and African influence, alternated and combined the most varied and unexpected ways during the course that led, along with other influences later in popular music of today, which challenges the placement of labels or comprehensive classification.

During the colonial period and the First Empire, besides those already mentioned lundu and popular song, also waltzes, polkas and tangos of different foreign origins in Brazil found a new form of expression.

In the 19th century come the whiners sets that adapt-European musical forms such as mazurka, the polka and the Scottish-like Brazil and the Brazilian way of playing these buildings.Then arises from the brasileirização these forms, crying, and sign up new dances such as the gherkin.

Two other things that definitely helped the emergence of popular song in Brazil were the Rio carnival and the gramophone. Pixies, John of Bahia, Donga-author of the Telephone, the first recorded samba, in 1917 - were big names in this period, along with the followers of whiners.

The urban samba only be established in the 30s, comes the time when the first samba school, let her talk, founded in 1929. Then, with the popularization of radio and popular music is hard to consolidate and enter the world of musical options that Brazil today has.

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