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Thursday, August 8, 2013

MODERN TIMES - ​​A vision of the struggle between democratic socialism and neoliberalism.


Watch the video MODERN TIMES Charlie Chaplin by clicking on the screen above. You can also download it by clicking here or on the link below.
http://www.screencast.com/t/zu8e4R9JLB 
And ncontramos always people having different opinions is as natural to the human race, think negatively. Some criticize the current social model, finding it unfair and violent, arguing that humanity is heading towards chaos, demanding more social justice and criticizing increasing violence. Not without its partial reason, but also commit errors of judgment, but on the other hand we find those who criticize social measures aimed at ultimately benefit the most excluded, such as the program "Bolsa Fam" alleging that these resources out of pockets of all of us taxpayers.

The film MODERN TIMES is the last silent film Chaplin, which focuses on urban life in the United States in 30 years, immediately after the crisis of 1929, when the Depression hit throughout American society, taking much of the population to unemployment and hunger.



The central figure of the film is Carlitos, the classic character of Chaplin, who to get a job in a big industry, becomes leader meeting a young striker, for whom falls. The film focuses on life in industrial society characterized by the production system based on the assembly line and specialization of labor. It is a critique of "modernity" and capitalism represented by the model of industrialization, where the worker is swallowed by the power of capital and persecuted for their ideas "subversive."





In his second part of the film deals with the life of the inequalities between the poor and the more affluent layers, without posing however, differences in life expectancy of each group. It also shows that the same capitalist society that exploits the proletariat feeds all comfort and fun for the bourgeoisie. Scenes like that Carlitos and orphan girl talk in the garden of a house, or one in which Carlitos and his girlfriend are in a department store, illustrate these issues.


If initially the film's release came to injury, later became a classic in the history of cinema. Came to be banned in Germany of Hitler and Mussolini's Italy to be considered "socialist". Incidentally, this aspect was boycotted Chaplin also on your own at the time of "McCarthyism."
Along with The Boy and The Great Dictator, Modern Times is among the best known films of actor and director Charlie Chaplin, considered a milestone in the history of cinema.


HISTORICAL CONTEXT


In just three years after the 1929 crisis, the U.S. industrial production fell by half. Bankruptcy reached approximately 130,000 establishments and 10 000 seats. Goods not had buyers were literally destroyed, while millions of people were starving. In 1933 the country had 17 million unemployed. Faced with this reality, the government headed by H. Hoover, whom workers nicknamed "President of hunger", sought to help the large capitalist enterprises, represented by industrialists and bankers, but doing nothing to reduce the level of poverty of the lower classes. Class struggle radicalized, growing political consciousness and organization of the working class, where the Communist Party, though small, was able to mobilize significant sectors of the working class.


In the early years of the 30s, the crisis was reflected throughout the capitalist world, contributing to the strengthening of the European Nazi fascism. In the United States in 1932 was elected by the Democratic President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, a skilled and flexible politician who announced a "new course" in the administration of the country, called the New Deal. The priority of the plan was to recover the economy shaken by the crisis fighting its main social problem: unemployment. In this sense, the U.S. Congress passed resolutions for recovery of the domestic industry and the rural economy.


Through greater intervention in the economy, as the crisis was the liberal economic model, the government sought to establish some control over the production, with mechanisms such as "codes of honorable competition", which set the quantity to be produced, the price of products and wages. The intention was also to avoid maintaining large surpluses agricultural and industrial. To combat unemployment was reduced working week and held numerous public works, which absorbed the labor-work idle, gradually recovering the levels of production and consumption before the crisis.


The labor movement grew considerably and in six years, from 1934 to 1940, have been on strike over eight million workers. Pressed by mobilizing workers, Congress passed a law recognizing the right of association of workers and conclusion of collective labor contracts with employers.


Although the business did not agree with the high degree of state interference in their business, one can not deny that these measures of the New Deal of Roosevelt sought to save the capitalist system itself, which has opened up and allowed his re-election twice.
We observe how the NEOLIBERALISM always trying to lift up produces bad results depending on which is impossible in a society that a minority has all the rights and be enslaved and most no rights. That's because every society needs consumers of goods and services and the privileged class can not meet all the demand. Everyone must have access to consumer goods for which there is circulation of wealth and this does not stagnate in the hands of a few. On the other hand a large number of people going hungry is a Estopin for revolutions and social movements for the man who has nothing to lose by risking everything.


In fact if we have a broader view we find that human society has always lived a class struggle. Rich against poor, and this fight has been improving over time the ideal model of society that is not yet defined and that much still need to improve to reach the optimal level. It's a fight that has contours almost eternal, however humanity lived in very recent times an evolution.This can be seen in the film Chalie Chaplin "MODERN TIMES", which is a severe criticism of the neoliberal model of capitalist society, 1936. An era dominated by neoliberal capitalism which is a satanic doctrine in our view, as it is based on liberality (Hence the name liberal) capitalism without state control. It is a doctrine that aims to promote the industrial society, treating the mass of workers as slaves, wondering who are the losers, and with which the state should not spend anything, leaving the private sector, to solve all social ills is well understood that the should.

The advent of the capitalist mode of production, consolidated by the Industrial Revolution of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, implied, alongside the positive aspects regarding the generation of wealth and increased productivity, the labor exploitation of the working class. The progress brought about by capitalism was paid by the blood and sweat of men, women and children of the proletariat. The social landscape of the West, when the beginnings of industrialization, was Dantesque: salaries defiled women prematurely aged by the oppression of the monotonous and backbreaking labor in factories and children, submerged in the coal mines, almost unaware of the blessings of sunlight.

In this context, emerged ideologies and theoretical proposing alternatives to the capitalist societies. Some workers' leaders in the naive belief that the machines were responsible for their sad condition, broke-in with their "sabots" (clogs, in French), literally "sabotaging" the factories. Other workers appealed to the radical anarchist solution, proposing the elimination of "all that oppresses the human being": the family, religion, property and the state. For many, Proudhon's comment that "all property is theft" seemed to be the best way to build an egalitarian and supported in solidarity.

As we know that the interest of capitalism is not in social problems, but only in profit, leaving the social interest in the background, all attempts to implement the neoliberal society as a solution, resulted in long-term failures and social crises. It had very recent examples, especially with the 2008 crisis that required strong state intervention for the economy as a whole is not completely wrecked.

Societies most nearly ideal society were societies that have adopted the model named DEMOCRATIC SOCIALISM. Democratic socialism is a model that embraces capitalism, the private sector, but with the control of the state that proposes to adapt the capitalist interest to real social needs. Ie is a state-controlled capitalism.

Social democracy is a political ideology which usually aims to the establishment of democratic socialism, being so called. It was a political ideology of the left emerged at the end of the nineteenth century by supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist should take place without a revolution , but through a gradual legislative reform of the capitalist system in order to make it more equal. The concept of social democracy has changed over the decades since its introduction. The fundamental difference between social democracy and other forms of socialism, as orthodox Marxism is the belief in the supremacy of political action in contrast to the supremacy of economic action terminismo economic or industrial partner.



Historically, the social democratic parties advocated socialism so strict, to be achieved through class struggle . At the beginning of the twentieth century , however, many socialist parties began to reject the revolution and other traditional ideas of Marxism as class struggle, and began to acquire more moderate positions. These more moderate positions included a belief that reformism was a possible way to achieve socialism. However, modern social democracy turned away from socialism, generating supporters of the idea of a state of well-being democratic, incorporating elements of both socialism and capitalism. The Social Democrats try to reform capitalism democratically through state regulation and the creation of programs that reduce or eliminate the social injustices inherent in capitalism, such as Bolsa Familia andOpportunity NYC . This approach differs significantly from traditional socialism, which aims to replace the capitalist system entirely by a new economic system characterized by the collective ownership of the means of production by the workers.


Currently in many countries, social democrats work together with democratic socialists , which lie to the left of social democracy in the political spectrum . At the end of the twentieth century, some social democratic parties such as theBritish Labour Party , the Social Democratic Party of Germany and the Party of Brazilian Social Democracy began to flirt with political economic liberals , causing what was featured in " Third Way " . This led, in addition to great controversy, a serious identity crisis between members and voters of these parties.

In are not really political regimes that condemn humanity to not find the formula of the ideal society. Several schemes have been tried in the political world. Imperialism capitalism, through the Soviet socialist model, for communism and even democracy and in fact none of them solved. The problem is not the political regimes, but in man. While the man did not acquire the ability to love your neighbor, and while the man did not acquire the knowledge that its passage by the planet earth is finite and very soon and that their actions will have consequences in the spiritual world, these consequences proportional to their lack love of neighbor, we can not here on earth a model of ideal society.

Because if men have this attitude of love and concern for others, any scheme would be ideal. The monarchy of capitalism, given that everyone would be concerned to remedy the sufferings of his fellow men, and especially that they possessed wealth and power. Actually it is not what you see. The man still possessed of his animal nature always worries on amassing ever more for yourself and your family without worrying about others. The workers who work in an industry always looking to take advantage of situations beyond the control of employers seeking to get some kind of advantage. Do not think in the interests of their employers, and so with each pursuing their own interests established a war where beings with common interests (EX: RICH) struggle with others who have common interests and opposing those other (EX: POOR).

Actually there are some better than others. All are the same species. Those who today are poor, they are rich if tomorrow may adopt the same attitude of those who are rich today, and in its new condition despise the poor and fight against them, seeking to gain an advantage.

YOU MAKE A DIFFERENCE

These things although they appear to be random, they are not by chance. God has everything under control. It regulates the functioning of the planet and also the companies, and each of us, and if societies today and in all times are not the ideal societies, the fault is not of God but of man himself, including ourselves including me that I write, because I am not in any way model of perfection. I like all have numerous defects, such arrogance, pride, etc ... I'm in the process of refinement as all of us, but if we can not change the world in a general sense, we can change the world around us by changing ourselves.

It is there and only there that we can make a difference. If you change yourself, you change the piece of the world that revolves around you. If you are a good child, parents will be a little happier. If you are a good husband, wife will have a little happier if it is a good father, children will have better educated, better prepared and happier, if a good employee will have a company and a boss a little happier and more gratified. No matter that it is not fair, you are fair and honest, is the example that he may be ashamed because we will all be victims of our own consciousness. There is God who will judge us. Is our own consciousness.

Follow the teachings of the Master Jesus. "If someone asks you to walk with him one mile, go with him twain", "if someone steal his tunic, give him your cloak as well."

Teachings are difficult to follow and understand for us because we still have within the animal nature that tells us that we must protect ourselves, to protect what is ours ... etc. We are not aware that the more we give the more we have, the more you sow happiness around us, the more we will be happy.

We have to realize that we are part of a body and that all are also part of the same body, and that if any part of the body suffers or is ill, the whole body receives the impact of this disease.

We must acquire the consciousness of serving. We're not in this world to be served, but only to serve. Jesus was the greatest among us, gave this example when he washed the feet of his disciples.

A big brotherly hug team FILOSOFIAETECNOLOGIA.

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