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Thursday, August 8, 2013

MODERN TIMES - ​​A vision of the struggle between democratic socialism and neoliberalism.


Watch the video MODERN TIMES Charlie Chaplin by clicking on the screen above. You can also download it by clicking here or on the link below.
http://www.screencast.com/t/zu8e4R9JLB 
And ncontramos always people having different opinions is as natural to the human race, think negatively. Some criticize the current social model, finding it unfair and violent, arguing that humanity is heading towards chaos, demanding more social justice and criticizing increasing violence. Not without its partial reason, but also commit errors of judgment, but on the other hand we find those who criticize social measures aimed at ultimately benefit the most excluded, such as the program "Bolsa Fam" alleging that these resources out of pockets of all of us taxpayers.

The film MODERN TIMES is the last silent film Chaplin, which focuses on urban life in the United States in 30 years, immediately after the crisis of 1929, when the Depression hit throughout American society, taking much of the population to unemployment and hunger.



The central figure of the film is Carlitos, the classic character of Chaplin, who to get a job in a big industry, becomes leader meeting a young striker, for whom falls. The film focuses on life in industrial society characterized by the production system based on the assembly line and specialization of labor. It is a critique of "modernity" and capitalism represented by the model of industrialization, where the worker is swallowed by the power of capital and persecuted for their ideas "subversive."





In his second part of the film deals with the life of the inequalities between the poor and the more affluent layers, without posing however, differences in life expectancy of each group. It also shows that the same capitalist society that exploits the proletariat feeds all comfort and fun for the bourgeoisie. Scenes like that Carlitos and orphan girl talk in the garden of a house, or one in which Carlitos and his girlfriend are in a department store, illustrate these issues.


If initially the film's release came to injury, later became a classic in the history of cinema. Came to be banned in Germany of Hitler and Mussolini's Italy to be considered "socialist". Incidentally, this aspect was boycotted Chaplin also on your own at the time of "McCarthyism."
Along with The Boy and The Great Dictator, Modern Times is among the best known films of actor and director Charlie Chaplin, considered a milestone in the history of cinema.


HISTORICAL CONTEXT


In just three years after the 1929 crisis, the U.S. industrial production fell by half. Bankruptcy reached approximately 130,000 establishments and 10 000 seats. Goods not had buyers were literally destroyed, while millions of people were starving. In 1933 the country had 17 million unemployed. Faced with this reality, the government headed by H. Hoover, whom workers nicknamed "President of hunger", sought to help the large capitalist enterprises, represented by industrialists and bankers, but doing nothing to reduce the level of poverty of the lower classes. Class struggle radicalized, growing political consciousness and organization of the working class, where the Communist Party, though small, was able to mobilize significant sectors of the working class.


In the early years of the 30s, the crisis was reflected throughout the capitalist world, contributing to the strengthening of the European Nazi fascism. In the United States in 1932 was elected by the Democratic President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, a skilled and flexible politician who announced a "new course" in the administration of the country, called the New Deal. The priority of the plan was to recover the economy shaken by the crisis fighting its main social problem: unemployment. In this sense, the U.S. Congress passed resolutions for recovery of the domestic industry and the rural economy.


Through greater intervention in the economy, as the crisis was the liberal economic model, the government sought to establish some control over the production, with mechanisms such as "codes of honorable competition", which set the quantity to be produced, the price of products and wages. The intention was also to avoid maintaining large surpluses agricultural and industrial. To combat unemployment was reduced working week and held numerous public works, which absorbed the labor-work idle, gradually recovering the levels of production and consumption before the crisis.


The labor movement grew considerably and in six years, from 1934 to 1940, have been on strike over eight million workers. Pressed by mobilizing workers, Congress passed a law recognizing the right of association of workers and conclusion of collective labor contracts with employers.


Although the business did not agree with the high degree of state interference in their business, one can not deny that these measures of the New Deal of Roosevelt sought to save the capitalist system itself, which has opened up and allowed his re-election twice.
We observe how the NEOLIBERALISM always trying to lift up produces bad results depending on which is impossible in a society that a minority has all the rights and be enslaved and most no rights. That's because every society needs consumers of goods and services and the privileged class can not meet all the demand. Everyone must have access to consumer goods for which there is circulation of wealth and this does not stagnate in the hands of a few. On the other hand a large number of people going hungry is a Estopin for revolutions and social movements for the man who has nothing to lose by risking everything.


In fact if we have a broader view we find that human society has always lived a class struggle. Rich against poor, and this fight has been improving over time the ideal model of society that is not yet defined and that much still need to improve to reach the optimal level. It's a fight that has contours almost eternal, however humanity lived in very recent times an evolution.This can be seen in the film Chalie Chaplin "MODERN TIMES", which is a severe criticism of the neoliberal model of capitalist society, 1936. An era dominated by neoliberal capitalism which is a satanic doctrine in our view, as it is based on liberality (Hence the name liberal) capitalism without state control. It is a doctrine that aims to promote the industrial society, treating the mass of workers as slaves, wondering who are the losers, and with which the state should not spend anything, leaving the private sector, to solve all social ills is well understood that the should.

The advent of the capitalist mode of production, consolidated by the Industrial Revolution of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, implied, alongside the positive aspects regarding the generation of wealth and increased productivity, the labor exploitation of the working class. The progress brought about by capitalism was paid by the blood and sweat of men, women and children of the proletariat. The social landscape of the West, when the beginnings of industrialization, was Dantesque: salaries defiled women prematurely aged by the oppression of the monotonous and backbreaking labor in factories and children, submerged in the coal mines, almost unaware of the blessings of sunlight.

In this context, emerged ideologies and theoretical proposing alternatives to the capitalist societies. Some workers' leaders in the naive belief that the machines were responsible for their sad condition, broke-in with their "sabots" (clogs, in French), literally "sabotaging" the factories. Other workers appealed to the radical anarchist solution, proposing the elimination of "all that oppresses the human being": the family, religion, property and the state. For many, Proudhon's comment that "all property is theft" seemed to be the best way to build an egalitarian and supported in solidarity.

As we know that the interest of capitalism is not in social problems, but only in profit, leaving the social interest in the background, all attempts to implement the neoliberal society as a solution, resulted in long-term failures and social crises. It had very recent examples, especially with the 2008 crisis that required strong state intervention for the economy as a whole is not completely wrecked.

Societies most nearly ideal society were societies that have adopted the model named DEMOCRATIC SOCIALISM. Democratic socialism is a model that embraces capitalism, the private sector, but with the control of the state that proposes to adapt the capitalist interest to real social needs. Ie is a state-controlled capitalism.

Social democracy is a political ideology which usually aims to the establishment of democratic socialism, being so called. It was a political ideology of the left emerged at the end of the nineteenth century by supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist should take place without a revolution , but through a gradual legislative reform of the capitalist system in order to make it more equal. The concept of social democracy has changed over the decades since its introduction. The fundamental difference between social democracy and other forms of socialism, as orthodox Marxism is the belief in the supremacy of political action in contrast to the supremacy of economic action terminismo economic or industrial partner.



Historically, the social democratic parties advocated socialism so strict, to be achieved through class struggle . At the beginning of the twentieth century , however, many socialist parties began to reject the revolution and other traditional ideas of Marxism as class struggle, and began to acquire more moderate positions. These more moderate positions included a belief that reformism was a possible way to achieve socialism. However, modern social democracy turned away from socialism, generating supporters of the idea of a state of well-being democratic, incorporating elements of both socialism and capitalism. The Social Democrats try to reform capitalism democratically through state regulation and the creation of programs that reduce or eliminate the social injustices inherent in capitalism, such as Bolsa Familia andOpportunity NYC . This approach differs significantly from traditional socialism, which aims to replace the capitalist system entirely by a new economic system characterized by the collective ownership of the means of production by the workers.


Currently in many countries, social democrats work together with democratic socialists , which lie to the left of social democracy in the political spectrum . At the end of the twentieth century, some social democratic parties such as theBritish Labour Party , the Social Democratic Party of Germany and the Party of Brazilian Social Democracy began to flirt with political economic liberals , causing what was featured in " Third Way " . This led, in addition to great controversy, a serious identity crisis between members and voters of these parties.

In are not really political regimes that condemn humanity to not find the formula of the ideal society. Several schemes have been tried in the political world. Imperialism capitalism, through the Soviet socialist model, for communism and even democracy and in fact none of them solved. The problem is not the political regimes, but in man. While the man did not acquire the ability to love your neighbor, and while the man did not acquire the knowledge that its passage by the planet earth is finite and very soon and that their actions will have consequences in the spiritual world, these consequences proportional to their lack love of neighbor, we can not here on earth a model of ideal society.

Because if men have this attitude of love and concern for others, any scheme would be ideal. The monarchy of capitalism, given that everyone would be concerned to remedy the sufferings of his fellow men, and especially that they possessed wealth and power. Actually it is not what you see. The man still possessed of his animal nature always worries on amassing ever more for yourself and your family without worrying about others. The workers who work in an industry always looking to take advantage of situations beyond the control of employers seeking to get some kind of advantage. Do not think in the interests of their employers, and so with each pursuing their own interests established a war where beings with common interests (EX: RICH) struggle with others who have common interests and opposing those other (EX: POOR).

Actually there are some better than others. All are the same species. Those who today are poor, they are rich if tomorrow may adopt the same attitude of those who are rich today, and in its new condition despise the poor and fight against them, seeking to gain an advantage.

YOU MAKE A DIFFERENCE

These things although they appear to be random, they are not by chance. God has everything under control. It regulates the functioning of the planet and also the companies, and each of us, and if societies today and in all times are not the ideal societies, the fault is not of God but of man himself, including ourselves including me that I write, because I am not in any way model of perfection. I like all have numerous defects, such arrogance, pride, etc ... I'm in the process of refinement as all of us, but if we can not change the world in a general sense, we can change the world around us by changing ourselves.

It is there and only there that we can make a difference. If you change yourself, you change the piece of the world that revolves around you. If you are a good child, parents will be a little happier. If you are a good husband, wife will have a little happier if it is a good father, children will have better educated, better prepared and happier, if a good employee will have a company and a boss a little happier and more gratified. No matter that it is not fair, you are fair and honest, is the example that he may be ashamed because we will all be victims of our own consciousness. There is God who will judge us. Is our own consciousness.

Follow the teachings of the Master Jesus. "If someone asks you to walk with him one mile, go with him twain", "if someone steal his tunic, give him your cloak as well."

Teachings are difficult to follow and understand for us because we still have within the animal nature that tells us that we must protect ourselves, to protect what is ours ... etc. We are not aware that the more we give the more we have, the more you sow happiness around us, the more we will be happy.

We have to realize that we are part of a body and that all are also part of the same body, and that if any part of the body suffers or is ill, the whole body receives the impact of this disease.

We must acquire the consciousness of serving. We're not in this world to be served, but only to serve. Jesus was the greatest among us, gave this example when he washed the feet of his disciples.

A big brotherly hug team FILOSOFIAETECNOLOGIA.

Sunday, July 7, 2013

BONANZA - BRIEF LIVES - THE FOUR HORSEMEN WERE SE.



One of the things that shocked me to analyze the trajectory of the show BONANZA which is our last article, is the realization that those gallant cowboys rode their horses gallantly, and out shot in the plains, and they did it in the movies unless they have used for this stunt, they were all already dead.


OR SEE YOU ON THE SCREEN DOWN. JUST CLICK ON IT.







Perhaps my surprise this give to the fact that we have in mind the image of the good guys still shape that appeared in the movies without us realize that time has passed. The decade from 60 to 50 years are almost here, but until the youngest of the good guys that that time should have little more than twenty years is gone.
 Lorne Greene (1915-1987) played the role of Ben Cartwright, and before the series was known for his powerful voice. Was Canadian and was known by the nickname "The Voice of Canada", a title given by numerous radio productions when did the voiceover in that country. Pernell Roberts (1928-Living) played the role of Adam, Dan Blocker (1930-1972) customized Hoss and Michael Landon (1936-1991) did Little Joe. All four had previously, numerous small roles on American TV, but none of them was known to the general public, what has changed so rapidly Bonanza went on the air. The first episode of Bonanza was brought to the small screen in the TV September 12, 1959.
Dan Blocker died at age 42. Too young. Lorne Green to 72, and Michael Landon age 55 also quite young.Pernell Roberts is alive fled to the rule entirely. Have now 85 years old and have been most of the four that have lived.

Dan Davis Blocker was a North American actor, who is best remembered for his role as "Hoss Cartwright" on the TV series Bonanza, "which took place in the period from 1959 to 1972.

Born in Bowie County, Texas, he began his acting career in 1955 with his first role in the movie "Hook a crook" (1955).
Dan Blocker started doing small roles in television programs (mostly westerns) as "Gunsmoke," "Playhouse 90," "Cheyenne," "Tales of Wells Fargo", "The Restless Gun," "Maverick," "The Rifleman," and "Zane Grey Theater.

Continued to tips on not too many memorable films such as "The Girl in Black Stockings" (1957), "Outer Space" (1957), and the role of a Zombie prehistoric along the Three Stooges, and "Gunsight Ridge" ( 1957 - uncredited).
His big break came with the role of "Hoss Cartwright" on the television series from 1959, "Bonanza", in which he played one of four sons of a wealthy farmer from Nevada played by actor Lorne Greene.

Most fans of "Bonanza" did not realize that the character Hoss Cartwright in reality was called "Eric Cartwright" (Hoss was a nickname, because he "had the strength of a horse."

During the successful season of "Bonanza", he created a chain of restaurants "Bonanza Steak House".

Two of his sons - David and Dirk, went their way in Hollywood (David is a producer and Dirk is an actor).
There is a museum dedicated to Dan Blocker in O'Donnell, Texas (Lynn County, about 40 miles south of Lubbock, Texas).

Lorne Greene
Lorne Greene was a famous radio announcer and American actor, who is best remembered for his role as "Ben Cartwright" in the television series of the 1960s "Bonanza" and as "Commander Adama" in the 1970s television series science fiction "Battlestar Galactica."
Born in Ottawa, Canada, began his career while attending the University, and after graduation began working as a radio announcer.

Her voice strong, imposing and calm allowed initiated his film career as a narrator in several war movies, including "Wings of Youth" (1940), "Front of Steel" (1940), and "War Clouds in the Pacific" ( 1941).
During the Second World War made ​​a series of films for the Brazilian public, about the actions of the Canadian military, and narrated many war movies as well as other genres.

He left Canada in the early 1950s and moved to Hollywood where he quickly became a well known actor in television, radio and films.
In the mid-1960s, his song, "Ringo", in which he speaks, not sings, the words, hit the top of the list of audience.
After using his voice as the "Big Brother" in the CBS movie "Nineteen Eighty Four", was offered the role of "Ben Cartwright" in the television series "Bonanza", a role that would make him a Hollywood star.
"Bonanza" aired between 1959 and 1972, was one of the longest television series that existed.

From 1963 to 1972 co-hosted the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade with Betty White on NBC-TV.
Had also participated in another hit television series, "Battlestar Galactia," which ran from 1978 to 1980.
His last role was as General Sam Houston, in the television movie ". Alamo: Thirteen Days to Glory" (1987).

At the end of his life, Lorne Greene again accepted the role of "Ben Cartwright" to reprise the movie "Bonanza", but died before it could be filmed.
Lorne Greene died on 11/09/1987, with a 72-year-old in "Saint John's Hospital" in Santa Monica (California - USA), due to complications with pneumonia caused during recovery from surgery for a stomach ulcer.

Cause of Death: complications with pneumonia after ulcer surgery.
Burial:
Hillside Memorial Park
Culver City
Los Angeles County
California, USA
Location: Block 5, Plot 800, Grave 8

MICHAEL LANDON

Michael Landon was a famous American actor, who is best remembered for his roles famous "Little Joe Cartwright" of the TV series " Bonanza "(1959 - 1973) and as" Charles Ingallls "of the TV series" The Little House on the Prairie "(The Pioneers) (1974-1983), of its production.


Michael Landon was born in Forest Hills, New York, with his parents Maurice and Eli Orowitz Orowitz Peggy O'Neal.
The family moved to Collingswood, New Jersey when he was four years old.
Eli and Peggy did not have the best of marriages and often violent discussions took place.
He experienced a stressful and unhappy childhood.
His suffering from nocturnal enuresis (bed wetting) further complicated her life.
His mother believed she could cure this problem by "shame." For this, each time he Fazi "wet the bed", she hung her mattress out the window of his room upstairs so that everyone could see.

Fearing that his friends would witness your particular problem, he would go home every day after running out of the school to remove the bedding, a practice that would help you in the sport later.

Michael Lando portrayed this part of his life in the 1976 film "The Loneliest Runner" in which he starred, wrote and produced. Although he had a level of genius IQ, he failed to maintain passing grades in school.

It was, however, a student popular and has been considered by most to a very funny.

Michael Landon became so proficient in sports that were offered various athletic scholarships, and accepted an offer from the University of California.

There, he injured his arm and was forced to abandon the scholarship.

Then he dropped out of college and became an employee of a warehouse in California.

One day he scheduled a test he and a coworker at the Warner Brothers Studio.
The folks at Warner Brothers was impressed with his performance.

So Warner hired and sent for a specialized school for a period of four months.
During this time he decided to create a stage name, and chose the name "Michael Landon", from selecting among multiple names in a phonebook.

His first notable film appearance was in "I Was a Teenage Werewolf", in 1957.
Around this time the producer David Dortort had a program on television project he called "Bonanza."

Dortorts did a great inducement to the network staff, convincing everyone that he could do a show with relatively unknown actors.

This was another turning point in the life of Michael Landon, and they form the basis of his career as an actor.

Dortort chose him for the role of Little Joe Cartwright.
Bonanza premiered on September 12, 1959 and was successful for 10 of 14 years, a period that remained in the air.

Although involved in Bonanza, he was able to cultivate his talent for writing and directing.
Wrote and directed several episodes.

Little House on the Prairie
His next project was Little House on the Prairie.
The series, which debuted in 1974 and ended in 1983, was very successful.

The great relationship with their colleagues on these projects was an essential part of his life and many remained friends until his death.

In 1984 he began another series of his television production called "Highway to Heaven", which was produced until 1989.
After this period, Michael Landon was working on producing a new series, when he got sick and was not able to see her terminada.Após some tests, he was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer.

Michael Landon was married three times and fathered five sons and four daughters.

His first wife was Dodie Frasier.
They were married from 1956 to 1962.
In 1963 he married model Marjorie Lynn Noe, and divorced in 1982.

Then he married the makeup artist Cindy Clerico on February 14, 1983.
His star on the Walk of Fame is located in "1500 - N. Vine Street - Hollywood - California - (USA)".

Highway to Heaven
1984 - 1989
On Friday, 04/05/1991, Landon was hospitalized at Cedars Sinai Medical Center to investigate a possible stomach ulcer, but unfortunately he received the news that doctors discovered tumors in his liver and pancreas.

By comments from friends and people nearby, Mihael Landon was known for abusing alcohol and cigarettes, reason perhaps that has caused the disease.

According to doctors, Michael had only a small chance of survival, but his agent Harry Flynn said in a statement that "Michael said he would beat him."
Landon then returned to his home in Bonsall, Malibu (California - USA), and was in intensive care in the following months, including chemotherapy and also holistic medicine, and even coffee enemas.

On 08/05/1991, he made his last public appearance on the Tonight Show with his old friend, Johnny Carson.

Fans did vigil in front of his house, hoping for improvement.
On 01/07/1991, Landon realized that the end was very near, and asked his wife Cindy to bring all 9 children (some have been adopted) to the room, and said how much he loved all his children, and then asked them to withdraw to be alone with his wife Cindy.

She was the only one with him when he closed his eyes and died a few minutes later.
Mausoleum of Michael Landon


Michael Landon died on 01/07/1991, 54 years old at his home in Malibu (California - USA), due to problems caused by cancer Pancreas.


Cause of death: Cancer of the Pancreas.

Burial:
Culver City
Los Angeles County
California, USA
Location: Mausoleum.



Pernell Roberts was a famous American actor, who is best remembered and known as "Adam Cartwright" of serious TV the years 1950/1960/1970, "Bonanza" .

Born in Waycross, Georgia, he began acting during her high school years, singing at concerts.

Pernell temporarily attended Georgia Tech and the University of Maryland Universidadade (non-degree), and served in the U.S. Navy.
His first notable recognition quality happened during the mid-1950s, when he served in a number of Broadway theater in Shakespeare's plays, beginning with "Macbeth" (by which received a Drama Desk Award, 1955), also including "Romeo and Juliet "and" The Taming of the Shrew. "

Pernell Roberts made her Broadway debut in the playlet "Today in Samarkand" (1955), and made the transition to television with appearances on shows like "Trackdown" and "Have Gun-Will Travel."
But it was the role of "Adam Cartwright" on the popular television series of "Bonanza", which did Roberts have featured in his career.

Roberts left the cast of Bonanza in 1965, keeping busy with appearances on a wide range of television programs in the 1960s and 1970s, including "James West", "Mission: Impossible," "Hawaii Five-O", " Man Six Million Dollars "and" The Rockford Files ".
Her second role was more remarkable as Dr. John Francis of the TV series "Trapper John, MD" (1979-1986), for which he received an Emmy nomination.

Pernell Roberts died at his home in Malibu (USA), at 81 years of age.

Cause of Death: Cancer.

Burial: Pernell Roberts's body was cremated and the ashes are in possession of the family or were scattered somewhere special.
We can then take that several reflections. First that tells us that money and fame do not necessarily go along with the greater life expectancy. On the contrary. We can also conclude that the generation of 20-40 years too suffered with cancer and other degenerative diseases. Why is that? How many are still alive in this generation? We will investigate this. What causes so much cancer incidence? Does canned foods, pesticides? Things to search. If life expectancy is increasing, because it will be? Because the generation that goes out there enjoyed this increase in life expectancy?Because fame usually charge so expensive?

Certain is that the experience and contribution of those who were making a lot of difference for us. Today I see a new era in which much was left behind and can not see the replacement of these talents today.



BONANZA



DOWNLOAD THE LINK BELOW ONE OF THE FIRST EPISÓRIOS SERIES THAT ENTERED THE AMERICAN SPIRIT. 
Download from SendSpace BONANZAS01E01.mp4

When producer David Dortort sold the idea to NBC to create Bonanza, he thought he could do something really different schemes of television time and change the old formula of Westerns. What he did, was the idea that was creating a real phenomenon that would last in the air for an incredible 14 years, with an impact equal to the first day of release on TV throughout the United States, and immediately after, spread around the world, their characters became idolized by millions of fans, Bonanza is more than a Western about a man and his three sons, working as a family, in the rustic and violent era of the Wild West. Bonanza became a piece of everything that forged the American culture.



Ben Cartwright and his sons Adam, Hoss and Little Joe became household names, including people who were not born when the show first debuted. The opening theme of Bonanza was immediately recognizable anywhere. Bonanza remains a popular name because of re-editions in the United States and other countries.
PONDEROSA RANCH


Fan Clubs spread over the Internet and conquering new fans every time it is re-presented. David Dortort, a writer who became film producer, wanted to create an entertainment concept that made opposition to the macho image empavonada painted by most television shows of the 50s. He wanted his characters were strong men, he envisioned as direct descendants of the Knights of the Round Table, adapted to the scene of the Old West - men with strong moral formation that would combat evil and bring justice to a land untamed.
David Dortort created Ben Cartwright as the strong patriarch, a father who would shape his three sons independent education land and hostile environment.Therefore Dortort lent each child unique and differentiated. Adam was the intellectual, the eldest son, was given to use more brain than strength. Hoss was the "Gentle Giant," a man of enormous strength and a heart of gold. Little Joe was the youngest son, irresponsible, impulsive heart and most romantic of all. To justify these differences in the personalities of three children, Dortort, gave each of them a different mother, causing Ben Cartwright had been married three times. Just like in the mythology of Camelot, the Cartwright received the author, the task of guarding the Ponderosa Ranch, an empire of cattle, timber and minerals in the mountains of Nevada, near Lake Tahoe.

Bonanza was one of the first TV series with a fixed address, not the famous wanderings of his stops for good guys and cities of the West, they had to defend the land and made it his base.

In Bonanza, the Cartwrights themselves forehead to a variety of characters and situations that most often knocking on your door. Initially NBC wanted Bonanza starring with famous actors, meaning that names need to attract audience.Dortort television network persuaded to give up this idea with the statement that could get immense success with totally unknown actors, he convinced the NBC one new station at that time that forge their own stars. Dortort actually had an accurate perception of the results of your project.


Lorne Greene (Ben), Pernell Roberts (Adam), Dan Blocker (Hoss) and Michael Landon (Joe), were scaled. Lorne Greene (1915-1987) for the role of Ben Cartwright, who was known before the series for his powerful voice. A Canadian was known by the nickname "The Voice of Canada", a title given by numerous radio productions where did the phrase in that country. Pernell Roberts (1928-Living) played the role of Adam, Dan Blocker (1930-1972) customized Hoss and Michael Landon (1936-1991) did Little Joe. All four had previously, numerous small roles on American TV, but none of them was known to the general public, what has changed so rapidly Bonanza went on the air. The first episode of Bonanza was brought to the small screen in the TV September 12, 1959.

Bonanza achieved immediate success. By his first 2 seasons, Bonanza burst in the ratings and was filmed in color from the beginning.What earned him long life. Color TV was considered a phenomenon at the time and the RCA, the company that created the NBC wanted a show that would encourage consumers to buy new television sets. The first few episodes brought beautiful Lake Tahoe and taken all its towns, as well as "sets" shooting of colorful costumes and strong. Bonanza was in the air for two years on Saturday nights to be transferred to a gap in the evening hours of Sunday .

That was when the show reached its largest audience and achieved definite success. For 10 of its 14 years, the show was among the 10 most-watched American TV, and between 1964 and 1967 was the most watched show in America. In many cases Bonanza was ahead of his time. The show is worth of issues and controversies such as racial problems, the condition of woman as wife and the abuses they suffered psychological problems, alcoholism and killers.

The audience interest was maintained by contrasts forged by those who wrote the screenplays. In week one episode could be a real drama and the other a fun comedy, thanks to the cast who played with equal ease both drama and comedy, each had the ability to create a scene filled with tension, and lend tenderness to their characters or do viewers die laughing at his misfortunes. But Bonanza had some constants in their plots, for example, every woman who had a romantic involvement with one of the Cartwrights, or died in the end and had to leave without fail, leaving them with broken hearts of the audience.

Lake Tahoe. Polluted, no?



Michael Landon made ​​a joke, saying that the Cartwrights should take care when riding, preventing their horses trampling the graves where they had been buried all the countless women who died during the series. The producers of the series floated several times in getting a wife for Adam, and Adam courted by several episodes and became engaged to Laura Dayton, but angry protests from fans, especially the women's side, the idea of marriage made ​​Adam fall down.


The fans have lost count of how many episodes, if not have a happy ending, at least were satisfactory. The good always triumphed over evil. The characters always did the right thing, no matter how much it cause pain or harm the Cartwrights. Ben reinforced family values ​​with lectures and words of comfort. Viewers knew they could become regulars episodes of Bonanza, because that would never see scenes of sexual abuse or gratuitous violence.


The characters of Bonanza became immensely popular, their images appeared in everything imaginable, from comics to keychains, lunchboxes for children's games. The four actors were offered as attractions in rodeos, variety shows, TV shows and special year-end.Recorded albums and participated in the live show in Las Vegas, they dragged crowds of people wherever they went.

Have you seen some of these characters around? I think now!



Despite the huge success, Pernell Roberts became disenchanted with Bonanza, he thought that the role does not confer on the variety and depth of interpretation he wanted. When he expressed his desire to leave the series, the producers immediately tried to dissuade him from this idea. Greene, Blocker and Landon developed a friendship and emotional intimacy too large due to work together in the series, but Roberts kept at a distance.


On account of this episode, the character was introduced Will Cartright, nephew Ben, played by Guy Williams (the same who later would play ... Robinson, head of the space expedition to Alpha Centauri emPerdidos Space). Roberts consented to continue filming the series, has signed a new contract and Williams was removed from the cast. But at the end of the sixth season of the series Roberts again expressed the desire to leave the cast and this time the producers agreed.

Fans at the Ponderosa Ranch. Even Lula was in this picture!

Greene expressed regret at the departure of Roberts's "cast", but at the same time said that Cartwright should take a chair at the table and continue forward. The output Roberts not scratched the ratings of Bonanza, producers simply expanded the roles of other characters, for example, Ray Teal who played Sheriff Roy Coffee became more prominent. In the ninth season, Candy, played by David Canary was introduced as ranch foreman ponderous, remaining in this role for three seasons when his exit, an orphan adopted by Cartwright appears, was Jamie Hunter, played by Mitch Vogel, the idea of producing was through this character, attract a younger audience to the show.

In episodes where Jamie appeared, subjects like rebellious teenagers and the discovery of love in youth became incompatible to have a cast of old age.

Only the efforts to keep the show current, Bonanza began to fall in the ratings, after 12 years on the air. The final blow came with the sudden death of Dan Blocker in 1972, the loss of dear Hoss was devastating for both the cast and for the fans. Producers reacted quickly bringing back Davis Canary and recreating your character Candy and adding Tim Matheson as Grif, a troubled young Cowboy.But the loss Blocker seems that tore the heart of the show. Bonanza crossed another season eventually relegated to Tuesday nights, until it abruptly stopped and canceled by NBC. The final episode aired on January 16, 1973.

Around the world the characters Ben, Adam, Hoss and Little Joe Cartwright to remain loyal. Every day somewhere in the world, Bonanza continues to be displayed and continues to attract a legion of new fans. Bonanza's emphasis on family values ​​and fun make clear the popularity of the series equal to 40 years ago when it aired for the first time.

So next time you hear the opening chords of the theme, see the map of Nevada in flames, or think of Ponderosa every time an image of Lake Tahoe appear in front immediately'll remember Bonanza, you well like millions of people worldwide, have found the most unforgettable memories of the entire history of television. Today "BONANZA" is displayed every day at varying times by the TCM channel cable TV. Until next time.

For fourteen seasons in the 1950s and '60s, fans watched the adventures of BONANZA with Ben, Adam, Hoss and Little Joe in the program that made ​​the prime time Saturday nights in the old TV Tupi. The Cartwright family lived in the fictional Ponderosa Ranch at Lake Tahoe, and parts of the series Bonanza were filmed on its shores.


On September 27, 2004, Channel 10 News in Sacramento California, reported that the gates of the "Ponderosa Ranch" (PONDEROSA RANCH) had closed for renovations after the land was sold to the company Incline Village developer David Duffield. For fans of the TV show, then describe what you can see today when the farm was finally open to the public.


The famous opening scene of Bonanza was filmed on location in North Lake Tahoe near Incline Village and Lake Tahoe and was among the outdoor locations used to film the weekly episodes. The house, interior and exterior, was located in a sound stage in Hollywood.


Bill Anderson, hired to carry out the series, worked with film crews in place called Lake Tahoe. Cutting of roads and construction of annexes were false and, in 1967, he approached the show's producers and NBC with the proposed build an exact replica of the house as seen from the outside like that existed in Hollywood. This house
would also have a resemblance to the inside as they appeared in the filming. Then create a detailed replica of the farmhouse imaginary.

The Ponderosa Anderson was inaugurated in 1967. The Ponderosa recreated became the centerpiece of a tourist attraction with a western theme. A Bonanza of blessed memory.


A Visit to the Set Bonanza "Ponderosa atractions" will include souvenir shops and exhibits of antique cars and a "Wild West" show, but the Holy Grail for fans of Bonanza is the farmhouse.


Outside, many visitors found the smaller house than they remember having watched the show Bonanza on television in black and white, but visiting the inside are all familiar details of the series Bonanza: The stone fireplace, table Pa the dining table and the stairs. However, a short video revealed that the stairs are not going anywhere (the rooms upstairs in the filming of Bonanza were in a separate location).
Family cemetery Cartwright

Visitors can see hidden panels for lighting, and discover a side wall slid away for several shots into the living room.

Perhaps most interesting (and most disturbing to idyllic memories of childhood) was that Bonanza was created to sell a commercial product. Hours spent watching Bonanza, dreaming of the Old West and fainting on Little Joe happened because the RCA, the parent company of NBC, wanted to sell more color televisions. 
After learning more about Bonanza at the Ponderosa House Tour, a ride to the platform picture gave a good view of the house and the city.